Do you think wages are the number one reason for employee dissatisfaction and turnover in child care and early childhood education? Think again…
Today, HiMama released the 2017 Child Care Benchmark Report that provides information to leaders in early childhood education to measure performance relative to their peer group. Some examples of information provided in the report include center capacity, occupancy rate, age group segmentation, price points, employee salaries and education levels, financial performance ratios, subsidized child care funding, as well as outlook for the year, among other key operational and performance metrics.
One of the questions in the survey asks participants to rank the top risks for their organization. Respondents indicated, overwhelmingly, that ‘Labor’ was their number one risk. The only exception to this was that non-profit organizations reported ‘Financial’ as the number one risk to their organization. Here is the complete ranking of organizational risks as reported by survey respondents in Canada and the U.S.:
For anyone who works in early childhood education, the fact that the early childhood education workforce ranks as the number one risk for child care organizations probably doesn’t come as a surprise. Turnover in child care and early childhood education is high – 25 to 40% according to a 2012 report by Child Care Aware of America.
One factor in the reported labor risk and high turnover in child care is the limited monetary opportunity in the field. The mean annual wage for child care workers in 2016 reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics was $22,930 USD. However, upon further analysis, it does not look as though wages are the primary driver of the recruitment and retention woes plaguing the child care sector.
Let’s look at what makes people happy in their jobs generally. According to an article from Fortune coming out of Fortune’s list of the Best Companies To Work For, they identified five science-backed attributes that make people happy at their jobs.
- Work that is challenging
- A sense of progress
- No fear of job loss
- Autonomy over work
If you think about yourself and what makes you happy or unhappy in your job, I would bet that these five attributes resonate with you. The general theme here is that people want to work in a place where they are given the opportunity to make a difference in the work that they do every day, and with people that they have genuine relationships with – real friends.
Now let’s look at child care and early childhood education more specifically. In the absence of conducting significant primary research, we can gain some insightful information from the website, Glassdoor. Glassdoor is a website where employers have profiles with job listings, company reviews, CEO approval ratings, salary reports and interview reviews. Employees can rate their overall experience working for employers on a scale of 1 (dissatisfied) to 5 (very satisfied), with 3 being ‘OK’. There are millions of company reviews on Glassdoor.
The average company rating on Glassdoor is 3.3
The average child care company rating on Glassdoor is 2.8
That is a significant difference on a relative basis. Also, on an absolute basis, employees for the majority of these child care companies are saying, on average, that their overall experience working with the company is less than ‘OK’. That is concerning. Only 4 organizations of the 13 that were included in the review had a rating greater than 3, the ‘OK’ threshold. Here is a full breakdown of the average Glassdoor ratings.*
So why do child care companies have a lower rating from employees, on average, than the complete base of companies on Glassdoor? A deeper analysis of employee reviews on Glassdoor over the last year sheds light on this question as well. For the companies referenced above we analyzed whether employees had generally positive or negative things to say about their employer across the 6 categories below:
- Leadership & Culture – Management support and the workplace environment
- Wages – Base salary and other monetary compensation
- Benefits – Vacation, sick leave, schedule flexibility
- Professional Development – Training and opportunities for career advancement
- Hours – Scheduling expectations and actual working hours
- Children & Families – Experiences working with children and families
Here are the results based on our analysis:
#1 Pro – Children & Families: 41% of employee reviews referenced a “pro” of their role as working with parents to help raise their children during their formative years of development. I think this really speaks to why people in the field of child care and early childhood education are there in the first place; this is their passion.
#1 Con – Leadership & Culture: 47% of employee reviews referenced a “con” of their role as their satisfaction level with leadership and culture at their organization. Note that wages is a significant con and the number two most referenced con, but it is not number one. The top issue that employees have with their child care employer is related to leadership and culture.
Leadership and culture aren’t things that you can change overnight, however, they are absolutely critical to the long-term success of any organization. On the plus side, leadership and culture are 100% under the control of management and can be improved over time with focused and proactive efforts. The other positive here is that, unlike most of the categories we looked at, leadership and culture are not directly associated to increased spending, like wages, benefits and professional development.
So there you have it. As far as this analysis is concerned, financial resources are not the root cause of employee turnover and general dissatisfaction in child care organizations. It is an issue of leadership and culture. Stay tuned as we dive into this insight further, starting with a more in-depth analysis of employee engagement in early childhood education.
As part of our leadership series, we are collecting survey data based on questions that indicate employee engagement at work. We would really appreciate it if you contributed your opinion below!
* Glassdoor ratings are from child care companies with a minimum of 50 reviews as of April 19, 2017